Contracting out of state pension refers to a system where individuals opt out of the additional state pension scheme to receive reduced national insurance contributions. This system is commonly known as the ‘contracted-out’ pension scheme.
The state pension system is designed to provide a basic level of financial assistance to retirees. It is funded by national insurance contributions, which individuals pay throughout their working lives. Individuals are often given the option to contract out of the state pension scheme, allowing them to receive a reduced national insurance contribution.
By contracting out, individuals are able to redirect a portion of their national insurance contributions to a private pension scheme. This private pension scheme is then responsible for providing individuals with a retirement income. This means that individuals who contract out are not entitled to the additional state pension, but they will receive contributions to their private pension instead.
The contracted-out scheme was introduced to help people save more for retirement by giving them more control over their pension savings. However, the scheme has been criticized for being too complicated, and for creating confusion among pension holders.
It is important to note that contracting out is not compulsory. Individuals can choose to remain in the state pension scheme and receive the additional state pension.
In recent years, the UK government has made changes to the state pension system, resulting in the phasing out of the contracted-out pension scheme. This has meant that many individuals who have previously contracted out of the state pension scheme will no longer be able to receive contributions to their private pension.
In conclusion, contracting out of state pension refers to a scheme where individuals can opt out of the additional state pension scheme to receive reduced national insurance contributions. While the scheme was designed to give people more control over their pension savings, it has been criticized for being too complicated. With the phasing out of the contracted-out pension scheme, individuals who have previously opted out will no longer receive contributions to their private pension.